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WHAT MOST PEOPLE DON’T KNOW ABOUT GRAFTING ROOTSTOCK
It is good to call the nursery and inquire what type of rootstock a tree is grafted on to verify that it will not exceed its advertised mature height and width. The grafting rootstock that is used will determine, in large part, just how much trouble you have with your tree.
The type of rootstock will determine the trees’:
Size (Height and width)
How much cold it can take in the winter as well as its drought tolerance
How soon it will begin producing fruit (In general: 2 to 3 years for Dwarf; 4 to 5 years for Semi Dwarf; 6 to 8 years for Standard sized trees)
The amount of fruit production
What types of soil it will flourish in (Sandy, clay, wet, well drained, etc.)
The longevity of the tree (Some grafting rootstock is prone to rot.)
NOTE: As an example, there are a number of different types of Dwarf fruit tree rootstocks. The same goes for Semi Dwarf and Standard sized trees.
RELATED ARTICLE: DECIDING ON A PLANTING LOCATION
When deciding between planting Dwarf, Semi Dwarf, or Standard sized fruit trees, take into consideration that you will still need a ladder to pick fruit even from a Dwarf or Semi Dwarf tree.